Abstract #159

Section: IVF/IVP
Session: IVF/IVP
Format: Poster
Location: Rio Exhibit Hall B
# 159
R. Kumar1, P. Chandra1, P. Konyak1, M. Karunakaran1, A. Santra1, S. K. Das*1, 1Animal Biotechnology Lab, Eastern Regional Station, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Kalyani-741235, Nadia, West Bengal, India.

The purpose of this study was to check the competence of cryopreserved black Bengal buck semen to produce goat embryo through IVF. So far, cryopreserved black Bengal buck semen has not been used to produce goat embryos by IVF. For the study, fresh goat oviducts and ovaries were collected from slaughterhouse in a thermo flask containing 0.9% saline solution supplemented with antibiotic (400 IU/mL penicillin and 500 mg/mL streptomycin) at 30–35°C and transported to laboratory within 2–3 h of slaughter. Cumulus-oocyte complexes were collected from slaughterhouse ovaries, washed 5–6 times, and cultured in maturation media (TCM-199 + 10% FBS + 10 mg/mL FSH-P + 0.81 mm sodium pyruvate + 5% follicular fluid + 50 mg/mL gentamicin sulfate + 1 μg/mL oestradiol + 100 μm cysteamine) for 27 h in a 5% CO2 incubator at 38.5°C with maximum humidity. After 27 h of culture, cumulus cells were separated from matured oocytes by repeated pipetting using a fine pipette in fertilization Bracket and Oliphant’s (BO) medium. After removal of cumulus cells, the oocytes were transferred to acidified Tyrode’s medium for zona thinning for 52 s and were co-incubated with capacitated sperms for fertilization in fertilization BO medium at 38.5°C in 5% CO2 in air with maximum humidity. In the experiment I, freshly collected buck semen was used for IVF after processing for capacitation. In experiment II, cryopreserved buck semen straws were thawed and sperm were capacitated in vitro and used for fertilization. After 5 h of co-incubation, presumptive zygotes were washed thoroughly and cultured in embryo development medium for cleavage. Three different in vitro development media (RVCL, mSOF + 2.5% BSA, and KSOM + 0.5% BSA) were used. After 40 to 42 h, cleavage was observed and embryos were co-incubated with oviducal cells in replacement media for further development. In the fresh group, overall cleavage rates (%) were 37.76 ± 2.98, 39.60 ± 1.75, 29.01 ± 1.74 and morula formation rates (%) were 7.72 ± 3.38, 6.03 ± 1.29, 3.00 ± 3.00 in RVCL, mSOF, and KSOM media, respectively. However, in the cryopreserved group the overall cleavage rates (%) were 29.17 ± 2.56, 27.70 ± 2.31, and 24.17 ± 1.44 in RVCL, mSOF, and KSOM media, respectively, and morula formation (%) was achieved 2.93 ± 0.97 in RVCL media. These results indicate that cryopreserved black Bengal buck semen have competence to produce embryos and could be used for embryo development through IVF.