Abstract #39

# 39
E. C. S. Santos1, T. Somfai*1, R. Appeltant2, T. Q. Dang-Nguyen2, H. Kaneko2, N. Junko2, T. Nagai3, K. Kikuchi2, 1Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, NARO, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan;, 2Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, NARO, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan;, 3National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

Previously, live offspring have been produced from porcine oocytes vitrified at the immature stage (Somfai et al. 2014 PLoS One 9, e97731); however, their embryo developmental rates remain low. The aim of our current research was to test the effects of resveratrol, an antioxidant and anti-apoptotic agent on the developmental competence of immature vitrified oocytes during in vitro maturation (IVM) after warming. Follicular porcine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) were vitrified on Cryotop® sheets (Kitazato Corp. Shizuoka, Japan) using the cryoprotectant treatment and warming method of Somfai et al. (2015 J. Reprod. Dev. 61, 571–579). After warming, the oocytes were subjected to IVM for 46 h in a chemically defined porcine oocyte medium (POM) enriched with 10 ng/mL epidermal growth factor, 10 IU/mL eCG, and 10 IU/mL hCG. During the first 22 h of IVM, the medium was supplemented with 1 mm dibutyryl cAMP. The following 24 h of IVM was performed in POM without dibutyryl cAMP. Vitrified/warmed COC (vitrified group) and freshly collected COC (control group) were matured either in the absence or presence of 2 µm resveratrol (RES− and RES+, respectively) throughout the entire IVM. At the end of IVM, oocytes were denuded and their survival was evaluated. Then, those with 1 polar body (PB1+) were selected for parthenogenetic activation (Day 0). Activated oocytes were cultured for 7 days in PZM-3. Survival, nuclear maturation, cleavage, and blastocyst rates were assessed. The experiment was replicated 5 times. Results were analysed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s multiple comparison test. Vitrification reduced the percentage of live oocytes after IVM both in RES− and RES+ groups in a similar manner (47.9 and 51.8%, respectively) compared with control RES− and RES+ groups (99.4 and 100%, respectively; P < 0.05) There was no statistical difference among groups in the percentage of PB1+ oocytes (ranging between 76.1 and 90.2%). On Day 2, the cleavage rate in vitrified RES− group was lower than those in control RES− and RES+ groups (55.9 v. 78.5% and 79.2%, respectively) whereas the vitrified RES+ group did not differ from the others (72.1%). The blastocyst developmental rate calculated from total cultured oocytes on Day 7 in vitrified RES+ group was significantly higher (P < 0.05) than that in the vitrified RES− group (26.2% v. 6.9%, respectively) and did not differ significantly from those of control RES− and RES+ groups (32.1 and 36.0%, respectively). Blastocyst rates in control RES− and RES+ groups were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than that in vitrified RES− group but did not differ from one another. In conclusion, supplementation of IVM medium with resveratrol improved the developmental competence of vitrified, but not freshly collected oocytes.