Abstract #143

Section: IVF/IVP
Session: IVF/IVP
Format: Poster
Location: Rio Exhibit Hall B
# 143
T. Yamanouchi*1, S. Sugimura2, H. Matsuda1, M. Ohtake1, Y. Goto1, S. Kobayshi1, Y. Hashiyada1, 1National Live Stock Breeding Center, Nishigo, Fukushima, Japan;, 2Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Saiwai, Fuchu, Japan.

Bovine oocytes obtained by ovum-pick-up (OPU) following follicle growth treatment (FGT) have improved quality and competence (Imai et al. 2008 Reprod. Fertil. Dev. 20, 182). However, the effect of the presence of FSH or epidermal growth factor (EGF) like peptide during in vitro maturation (IVM) on the developmental competence of FGT oocytes has not been well known. This study was undertaken to examine the developmental competence of FGT oocytes following IVM in the presence of FSH (recombinant human FSH) or EGF-like peptide (amphiregulin; Areg) and IVF. Japanese Black cows (n = 17) were used as donors. Five days after arbitrary OPU (opu group), follicles ≥8 mm in diameter were aspirated again, a controlled internal drug release (CIDR) was inserted into the vagina, and then pFSH was injected twice a day from the evening of Day 6 to the morning of Day 10 with decreasing doses (total of 20 AU; 4, 4, 3, 3, 2, 2, 1, 1 AU/day). On the evening of Day 8, PGF (0.5 mg of cloprostenol) was administered. On Day 11, oocytes were aspirated from follicles with ≥5 mm in diameter of the treated donors by OPU (fgt group). The cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) were cultured in the absence (opu-cont and fgt-cont groups) or presence of 0.1 IU/mL FSH (opu-fsh and fgt-fsh groups) or 100 ng/mL Areg (opu-areg and fgt-areg groups) in IVM medium (mTCM199 containing 5 mg/mL BSA) for 20 to 22 h (1 COC/5 µL, total of 162–171 COC per group), and then co-cultured with 3 × 106 sperm/mL for 6 h. The presumptive zygotes were continued to culture in mCR1aa supplemented with 5% newborn calf serum for 216 h (1 zygote/5 µL) using micro-well culture dishes (Dai-Nippon-Print). When repeating this opu-fgt session in the same cow, an interval at least for 50 days was kept, and the session was performed 28 times. Statistical analysis was carried out by Mann-Whitney’s U-test (between opu and fgt groups) or Steel-Dwass test after Kruskal-Wallis test (among all groups). The number of follicles ≥5 mm increased in the fgt than opu group (17.8 v. 2.9; P < 0.01). The number of COC collected was not different between the opu and fgt groups (23.1 v. 19.6; P > 0.05). The blastocyst formation rate was higher in the fgt than opu group (36.9 v. 23.1%; P < 0.01). Within 6 groups, the blastocyst formation rate was higher in the fgt-fsh (43.3%; P < 0.01) and fgt-areg (39.5%; P < 0.05) groups than the opu-cont (16.3%) group. The rate in the fgt-fsh group was also higher than that in the opu-fsh group (43.3 v. 18.7%; P < 0.01). These results suggested that FGT improved the developmental competence of bovine oocytes, probably through improving the ability of the COC to react against FSH/Areg.