Abstract #81

Section: Embryo Culture
Session: Embryo Culture
Format: Poster
Location: Rio Exhibit Hall B
# 81
A. Mesalam*1, I. Khan1, K.-L. Lee1, S.-H. Song1, M.-D. Joo1, M. M. R. Chowdhury1, L. Xu1, S. Zhang1, J.-I. Jin1,2, I.-K. Kong1,2, 1Department of Animal Science, Division of Applied Life Science (BK21 Plus), Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 52828, Gyeongnam Province, Republic of Korea;, 2Institute of Agriculture and Life Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 52828, Gyeongnam Province, Republic of Korea.

~The 2-methoxystypandrone (2-MS) is a naphthoquinone isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of 2-MS on oocyte maturation, blastocyst development, and embryo quality in terms of cell number and gene expression in vitro. A total of 2364 oocytes were cultured in TCM-199 supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum, 1 μg/mL oestradiol-17β, 10 μg/mL FSH, 10 ng/mL epidermal growth factor, 0.6 mm cysteine, and 0.2 mm sodium pyruvate and supplemented with different concentrations of 2-MS as following: 1.5 μm (n = 458), 1.0 (n = 493), 0.5 (n = 468), 0.1 (n = 470), and 0 μm (control, n = 475) followed by IVF and then culture in CR1-aa medium supplemented with 44 μg/mL sodium pyruvate, 14.6 μg/mL glutamine, 10 μL/mL penicillin-streptomycin, 3 mg/mL BSA, and 310 μg/mL glutathione for the first 3 days, and then the BSA was replaced with 10% FBS until Day 8. The differences in embryo development between experimental groups were analysed by one-way ANOVA. The Duncan’s multiple range tests were used to test the differences between the treatments. The level of statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. The results showed that the addition of 2-MS at 1.0 mm significantly improved (P < 0.05) the percentage of MII oocytes, which were identified by aceto-orcein staining, compared with that in the control (76.5 v. 65.4%, respectively), and remarkably (P < 0.05), improved blastocyst development rates (45.29%) compared with control (32.21%). Additionally, TUNEL assay demonstrated that treatment with 1.0 μm of 2-MS significantly improved the embryo quality by increasing total number of cells and reducing DNA damage. Immunofluorescent analysis showed that the protein levels of nuclear factor-kappa B (NFkB), inhibitor of kappa B kinase β (IkKβ), 8-oxoguanine, and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) declined significantly (P < 0.05) after 2-MS treatment compared with the control. These results were confirmed by qRT-PCR, which showed a significant decrease in the mRNA levels of NFkB, IkKβ, COX2, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), BCL2-associated X protein (BAX), caspase-3, and Janus kinase2 (JAK2) after 2-MS treatment; however, the mRNA level of the anti-apoptotic gene B-cell lymphoma2 (BCL2) was significantly higher than that in the control. In conclusion, the addition of 2-MS at the indicated concentration dramatically improves the developmental competence of bovine in vitro-produced embryos.