Abstract #154

Section: IVF/IVP
Session: IVF/IVP
Format: Poster
Location: Rio Exhibit Hall B
# 154
L. R. Madzhie*1, M. A. Raseona1, L. P. Nethenzheni1, O. Ajao1, M. L. Mphaphathi2, D. M. Barry1, T. L. Nedambale2,3, 1Center of Excellence in Animal Assisted Reproduction, School of Agriculture, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa;, 2Agricultural Research Council, Animal Production Institute, Germplasm Conservation and Reproductive Biotechnologies, Irene, South Africa;, 3Faculty of Science, Department of Animal Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa.

In vitro fertilization in the straw system might increase the efficiency of fertilization and the quality of blastocyst formation as compared with micro-drops-IVF systems. The aim of the study was to in vitro fertilize mouse oocytes and culture the resulting zygotes in bi-gas incubator and in a goat vagina and compare the in vitro embryo developmental stages in TCM-199 and Ham’s F10 culture media until the blastocyst-stage of development. F1 generations (Balb C × C57) were used to harvest oocytes and spermatozoa. The fresh sperm were capacitated in different incubation methods (bi-gas incubator and in the vagina of a goat). A volume of 2–4 µL of Ham’s F10 containing capacitated sperm (~8 × 106 per mL) were placed into Ham’s F10 fertilization drops under the oil, containing 10 oocytes and penicillamine, hypotaurine, and epinephrine for enhancing sperm motility and penetration of oocytes. The same procedure was used with the TCM-199 medium and IVF drops without oil (both TCM-199 and Ham’s F10) for straw filling. The presumptive embryos in Ham’s F10 and TCM-199 were divided into different groups: first group were cultured in micro-drops, second group the embryos were aspirated in semen straws and placed in the incubator (incubator straws) for culture, and other straws were covered with a sponge and inserted in the vagina of a goat (vaginal straws) for culture. The resulted blastocysts were stained using Hoechst 33528 solution and blastomeres were counted on a fluorescent UV light inverted microscope at 400× magnification (Nikon Eclipse TI, Narishige Co., Ltd., Amityville, NY, USA). The results were analysed by 2 × 2 factorial designs and Student’s t-test was used to separate the mean. There was no statistical difference (P > 0.05) between the media and incubators on the stage of murine embryo development. The overall fertilization rate was 94 to 99%. The incubator straws with Ham’s F10 (80.5%) had the highest rate of embryos that reached the blastocyst stage, followed by incubator straws with TCM-199 (77.0%), and vaginal straws with Ham’s F10 (60.0%) had the lowest rate of embryos that reached the blastocyst stage. The overall mean number of blastomeres in the blastocyst stage of the embryos ranged from 85 ± 9 to 90 ± 9 cells in all receptacles and incubators. It was concluded that the fertilization and culturing of murine embryos are possible in straws incubated in a bi-gas incubator and in the goat vagina as an alternative method of fertilizing oocytes and culturing murine embryos. In addition, Ham’s F10 and TCM-199 can both be used to fertilize oocytes and culture murine embryos until blastocyst formation embryo in vitro, incubated in a bi-gas incubator or in the vagina.