Abstract #68

# 68
C. L. Durfey*1, S. Liao1, D. Devost-Burnett1, T. Dinh1, M. Crenshaw1, S. T. Willard1, P. L. Ryan1, H. Clemente2, J. M. Feugang1, 1Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, USA;, 2Clemente Associates, Madison, CT, USA.

Sperm ejaculates contain a heterogeneous population of nonviable and viable spermatozoal cells. Ejaculates with high concentrations of poor quality or damaged spermatozoa can greatly impair the overall fertility of males. Recently, a novel technique termed nanopurification has been developed (Feugang et al. 2015 IVF Reprod. Med. Genet. 3, 2) to noninvasively target and remove poor quality spermatozoa from boar semen. Such removal will enrich insemination doses with high quality spermatozoa to enhance fertility successes. However, effects associated with offspring born from nanopurified semen and possible meat quality assurance have yet to be extensively studied. The objective of this study was to measure the growth performance and market characteristics of pigs born from standard or nanopurified spermatozoa. Boar semen was obtained in insemination doses from a local stud and was mixed with (nanopurified) magnetic nanoparticles (iron-oxide) specifically designed to interact with acrosome-reacted and apoptotic spermatozoa. After incubation, mixed semen were placed under an electromagnetic field trapping moribund sperm to allow collection of intact and viable spermatozoa. Six gilts were bred with standard non-purified (control; n = 3) or nanopurified (n = 3) semen, with subsequent pregnancies leading to full-term birth of viable offspring. At weaning, pigs of equal sexes (5 male and 5 female) were randomly selected from control (n = 10) and nanopurified (n = 10) litters. Pigs were fed and measured until market weight, at which meat quality and carcass characteristics were assessed. Data (mean ± SEM) were analysed with Student’s t-test and SAS software (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA). The threshold of significancewas set as P < 0.05. Patterns of growth between groups were comparable up to market size (P > 0.05). Standard pork quality parameters (lean carcass weight, loin eye area, percentage of lean cuts, loin and ham colouring, etc.) revealed no significant differences between groups (P > 0.05). Dressing percentage was found higher in the nanopurified group compared with control, with a 1.5% increase (P < 0.05). Marbling score tended to be significantly higher in the nanopurified group (2.7 ± 0.15) when compared with the control (2.3 ± 0.15). Findings indicate that sperm nanopurification does not impair growth of offspring and could ultimately lead to a higher pork carcass quality. Additional research is being conducted to confirm current findings and identify further effects of nanopurification regarding offspring and carcass quality.