Abstract #103

Section: Embryo Transfer
Session: Embryo Transfer
Format: Poster
Location: Rio Exhibit Hall B
# 103
A. Cedeño1, A. Tribulo1, S. Andrada1, J. L. Barajas1, J. Fonseca1, A. Ruiz1, R. Tribulo1, H. Tribulo1, R. J. Mapletoft3, G. A. Bó*1,2, 1Instituto de Reproducción Animal Córdoba (IRAC), Córdoba, Argentina;, 2Universidad de Villa María, Córdoba, Argentina;, 3WCVM, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

An experiment was designed to evaluate whether expression of oestrus in recipients synchronized with progesterone devices and oestradiol affects pregnancy rates to a fixed-time embryo transfer (FTET). A secondary objective was to determine whether administration of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) to those recipients not showing oestrus by 48 h after device removal had an effect on pregnancy rates. Mature, non-lactating beef recipients (Bonsmara, Brangus, and Braford; n = 729), with a corpus luteum (CL) or a follicle ≥8 mm in diameter detected by ultrasonography (Mindray DP 30, Shenzhen, China) and body condition score 2 to 4 (1 to 5 scale) were synchronized in 7 replicates. On Day 0, recipients received a progesterone device (DIB 0.5 g, Zoetis, Buenos Aires, Argentina) and 2 mg of oestradiol benzoate (Gonadiol, Zoetis). On Day 8, DIB were removed and recipients received 400 IU eCG (Novormon 5000, Zoetis) plus 0.5 mg of oestradiol cypionate (Cipiosyn, Zoetis) and 500 μg of cloprostenol (Cyclase, Zoetis). In addition, all cows were tail-painted on the sacrococcygeal area (CeloTest, Biotay, Buenos Aires, Argentina) at DIB removal and were observed to determine the expression of oestrus, according to the percentage of paint loss 48 h later. The animals that showed oestrus (paint loss >30%) were recorded, and those with paint loss ≤30% (not in oestrus) were randomly allocated to receive 100 μg of gonadorelin (GnRH; Gonasyn, Zoetis) or no treatment. On Day 17, all recipients were examined by ultrasonography and those with a CL ≥18 mm (G1), ≥16 and <18 mm (G2), or ≥14 and <16 mm (G3) in diameter received in vivo-produced frozen-thawed embryos by direct transfer or fresh in vitro-produced embryos. Pregnancy was diagnosed by ultrasonography at 23 days after FTET, and data were analysed by logistic regression. There were no differences between replicates, in vivo- and in vitro-produced embryos, or operators (P > 0.2). However, the proportion of recipients transferred and pregnant (P/FTET) was higher (P < 0.05) for those that showed oestrus at 48 h after DIB removal (422/454, 93.0% and 227/471, 48.2%) than those that did not show oestrus (109/211, 51.7% and 45/120, 37.5%). Within the recipients not showing oestrus, P/FTET was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in those that received GnRH (34/74, 45.9%) than in those that did not receive GnRH (12/46, 26.1%). There was a significant interaction (P < 0.05) between CL diameter and expression of oestrus. When recipients had CL ≥18 mm in diameter (G1), P/FTET did not differ (oestrus: 164/338, 48.5% v. no oestrus 30/65, 46.2%); however, when CL diameter was <18 mm and ≥14 mm (G2 and G3), P/FTET was higher (P < 0.05) in those that showed oestrus (37/85, 43.5%) than in those that did not show oestrus (11/43, 25.6%). Finally, P/FTET was higher (P < 0.05) in recipients with a CL (268/573, 46.8%) on Day 0 than in those with follicles >8 mm in diameter (4/18, 22.2%). In conclusion, the expression of oestrus significantly affected the percentage of recipients selected for embryo transfer and P/FTET. Furthermore, treatment of recipients not showing oestrus by 48 h after DIB removal with GnRH at that time increased P/FTET.